Solenoid valves used in dryers
In their typical application, air dryers are suitable for removing the condensate in compressed air installations.
Compressed air produced by compressors contains a large quantity of steam that can condensate and provoke important damages in the equipment utilizing it.
In the most common applications, the final cooler eliminates about 70% of water, whereas for the remaining 30% only an air dryer is effective.
The diagram below shows a typical installation of an air dryer in an industrial system for air treatment: (1) Air Compressor; (2) Cooler;(3) Separator; (4) Tank; (5) By-pass Valve; (6) Dryer.
Inside an air-to-air exchanger, compressed air going into the system is precooled by dried compressed air coming from an evaporator. Then the evaporating frigorific medium (freon) cools the compressed air to Dewpoint. This happens inside the evaporator.
The condensate produced during the cooling process is set apart and drained.The air-to-air exchanger heats the compressed air before it leaves the system.
The refrigerating circuit produces cold needed to cool compressed air to Dew Point (2°C-3°C). Cold produced by the refrigerating system adjusts to the temperature and flow rate changes of compressed air thanks to a by-pass valve with “hot gas”.
The valve prevents the temperature in the evaporator from going down and consequently the condensate from freezing.
A level sensor, that connects to the control panel, controls the level of condensate in the tank.
The control panel operates a solenoid valve so that only the condensate produced is drained.
So are useless and expensive losses of compressed air avoided. A warning light notifies problems in the exhaust system.
The solenoid valve used in this application is:
The recommended valve combines small dimensions and performances suitable for use with compressed air (0-15 Bar).
Since this is a direct acting valve with a rather small orifice (2,2 mm) it should be fitted with a filter to prevent condensate from clogging the valve.
Important: The use of a timer operated solenoid valve competes with a more refined and much more expensive system based on a zero loss timed electronic drain with no waste of compressed air.